The Monteleone Chariot struggle

The Etruscan parade chariot was stolen in Umbria about a century ago, in 1902. According to the Statuto Albertino - the Italian former consitution in law from 1848 to 1948, "All the properties, without no exception, are indefeasible. Anyway whenever public interest is juridically assured, you could be held to convey the properties entirely or to a certain extent in exchange to an adequate lawful indemnity."

In the case of the Monteleone Chariot, there's no doubt about his public interest, and inalienability. The farmers who firstly discovered the uncommon etruscan two-wheeled horse-drawn vehicle werent in the condition to grant any deeds over the historic artistic good. The Florentine fences who dealt the chariot at the price of two cows then sent the Etruscan production via Rome to the final destionation in the USA, probably to his secret American dealers.

Regarding the ownership of property or legal rights it's well-known that the Metropolitan Museum of New York, the actual caretaker of the etruscan antiquity, is not able to give any information about the origin or any legal act of purchase. Although there are a lot of examples of other stolen art treasures (I can remember the theft of the Raphael's Pala Baglioni in Perugia committed by Scipione Borghese in 1608), certainly the Monteleone is a pregnant case of property infringment.

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